Clandestine entrants – take action to avoid £4,000 penalty per entrant

With the crisis in Calais continuing, we discuss the ongoing risk of clandestine entrants illegally using commercial vehicles destined for the UK, the consequences for vehicles found to be carrying entrants and how both companies and drivers can take steps to secure their vehicles and minimise their risk of penalties.

Consequences for vehicles found to be carrying clandestine entrants

A HGV driver and his employer can each receive a penalty of up to £2,000 for each clandestine entrant found in the vehicle. The vehicle could also be detained if there are outstanding fines or the UK Border Force (UKBF) is concerned that the fine will not be paid on time.

As a company is jointly and severally liable for its drivers’ fines, operators could be exposed to a penalty of £4,000 per clandestine entrant. Penalties of £20-30,000 are not unusual.

Take preventative measures

To reduce exposure to fines, vehicle operators must take active steps by having effective systems in place to prevent people hiding in or on their vehicles.

Operators should:

  • Implement a clear system to prevent people hiding in and on their vehicles.
  • Produce a clandestine entrant policy including clear written instructions on the system.
  • Provide handbooks to drivers enclosing the clandestine entrant policy and UKBF guidance.
  • Provide drivers with security equipment to secure their vehicle, load and load space.
  • Provide adequate ongoing training to all drivers on how to prevent clandestine entrants and the application of security devices on vehicles.
  • Provide all drivers with vehicle security checklists for drivers to record the checks that they have carried out to prevent clandestine entrants.
  • Monitor drivers’ compliance with the clandestine entrant’s policy. Failure to comply with the clandestine entrant’s policy by drivers should lead to disciplinary action.

DWF’s Regulatory Team recommends operators join the UK Border Agency’s free accreditation scheme. The scheme is open to operators of any size or nationality who undertake journeys between mainland Europe and the United Kingdom. To qualify, an operator must show that it has an effective system to prevent it carrying clandestine entrants. It must also show that it takes all reasonable steps to ensure the system operates properly.

If an operator is accepted onto the scheme and clandestine entrants are subsequently discovered in its vehicles, a civil penalty will not be imposed if the operator is found to be operating in accordance with the scheme.

10 Steps to an effective system for drivers

The Home Office recommends that drivers follow a 10 step guide to avoid a penalty.


The risk to operators of clandestine entrants is one that is on the rise and is not a problem that is likely to be resolved anytime soon. With a potential fine for companies of £4k per entrant and entrants willing to risk their lives to enter the UK; both companies and drivers need to ensure they are complying with effective systems to minimise risk.

DWF’s Regulatory Team can:

  • Provide advice on preventative steps to protect your business.
  • Advise businesses on applying to the UK Border Force’s Accreditation Scheme.
  • Help with all aspects of objecting, appealing and reducing a penalty against you or your driver.

For further information please contact Joanne Witheford or Vikki Woodfine.

Don’t forget to follow Lorrylawyer on Twitter to stay up-to-date with all the latest news and insights @lorrylawyer

Sentencing guidelines start to bite big corporates

In the wake of the £5m fine imposed on the owners of Alton Towers, regulatory expert Vikki Woodfine, writes for Lexis Nexis about huge health and safety fines becoming the new norm.

The last few months have seen a number of large fines for health and safety breaches. What are the fines that have been imposed?

Since the introduction of the new sentencing guidelines for health and safety offences in February 2016 we have seen some significant fines being handed out by the courts. The sentencing guidelines are truly starting to bite big corporates and the upward trend in penalties for health and safety breaches cannot be ignored. In September 2016 alone we have seen six fines being handed down in respect of health and safety offences that were in excess of £1m. That works out at more £1m fines per month than the previous rate of £1m fines per year—prior to the implementation of the new sentencing guidelines. For reference, that now gives a total of 16 £1m plus fines which have taken account of the new sentencing guidelines (including three cases from the week prior to the implementation of the new sentencing guidelines).
What do these cases tell us about how the courts are interpreting and imposing the Definitive Sentencing Guideline, which came into force in February 2016?

There has been a clear increase in the number of £1m fines since February 2016. These cases show us that there has been a shift in the landscape in health and safety sentencing and the courts are now more than willing to give sentences in the £1m plus range, even where a death has not occurred. Non-fatal incidents are attracting these high fines which is something that we have rarely previously seen.

This article was originally written for Lexis Nexis


For further information contact Vikki Woodfine

Calais Crisis Continues

In a desperate attempt to reach the UK migrants have turned to extreme violence resulting in many lorry drivers being worried for their safety when on the roads in France.

Lorry drivers are being faced with the potential risk of being attacked with weapons and, in a more recent case, lorries being set on fire as migrants riot over the conditions and struggle to reach the UK.

This week the UK reached an agreement with the French government to build a “wall” to prevent migrants climbing onto lorries in Calais.

A four metre high wall which will be erected either side of the main road for 1km, is already under construction costing the UK authorities over £2million.

However, charities have expressed their concern that the wall will not prevent migrants but will consequently be a danger to them.  Yolaine Bernard, Vice President of the Salam Aid Organisation has told papers, “It’s not going to change a thing.  These people will still try and scale the wall and it will just result in more of them being injured.”

Lorry drivers themselves have said the new concrete wall will do little with Richard Burnett, Chief Executive of the Road Haulage Association stating that the wall is a waste of money and it will simply ‘shift the problem further down the road’.

The situation for both lorry drivers and migrants is dreadful and more needs to be done to prevent this Calais crisis from continuing.

What is your opinion on the ‘Great Wall of Calais’?

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Operation Stack lorry park consultations begin…

A six-week consultation to cover the design of the new M20 Stanford West lorry park started last Friday, 12th August.

The £250m park is being built as a solution to the chaos many drivers were faced with last summer on the M20 due to the disruption to cross-channel services.

The lorry park at Stanford West was the chosen site following a consultation between December 2015 – January 2016 despite many residents’ complaints of the sites impact to the surrounding area.

Highways England has attempted to reassure residents and businesses that it will do its best to minimise any impact to the area that the site may cause.

Project Director, Adrian Sheppard has said, “Following our consultation earlier this year we have been working hard to refine our plans and are now keen to hear what people think about these.  I encourage anyone who would like to understand more or ask questions to visit us at one of the public exhibitions we are holding.”

It is hoped that the Operation Stack lorry park will minimise the impact on the M20 and the regions roads by offering parking for up to 3,600 lorries during disruption.

What are your views on the Stanford West lorry park?

It is important that hauliers affected by Operation Stack use this opportunity to have their say, either directly or via their trade associations.

Details of the consultation will be available from 6am on Friday 12th August 2016 on the government’s consultation page or by searching “Management of Freight Through Kent” on the website.

Tweet us at to get involved.

Brexit: What next for the road transport industry?

On 24 June 2016 it was decided that UK would seek to exit the European Union (“EU”). Immediately following that decision, we saw David Cameron resign as Prime Minister, the FTSE 100 and pound plunge and commentary coming from Europe’s leaders talking of their shock and disappointment.

Now we must think about what this means for hauliers and where things go from here.

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Operators Beware – the application of the new sentencing guidelines

The new Sentencing Guidelines represent the biggest shake up to the Regulatory landscape in recent years, with fines up to 10 times higher (or more in some cases), than their previous levels. With respect to individuals we are expecting to see cases of imprisonment of directors and managers in cases where that would have been unheard of before.

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HSE to prosecute employer for Harrison Ford injury

Harrison Ford, better known as Hans Solo, sustained a broken leg when he was struck by a heavy metal door during the filming of Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens. The accident happened in August 2014 at Pinewood Studios whilst the actor was filming a scene set inside the well-known intergalactic freighter, the Millennium Falcon.

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